Friday, May 19, 2017

Northeast Alabama Tornadoes May 19, 1973


Source: Florence Times-Daily, May 19, 1973

On Saturday May 19, 1973, the number one song in the U.S. was “You are the Sunshine of My Life” by Stevie Wonder.  If you went to the movies you probably saw “Paper Moon” starring Ryan O’Neal. If you were watching television “All in the Family”, “M*A*S*H”, Mary Tyler Moore, Bob Newhart, and “Emergency” were popular on Saturday nights.  For residents of Fort Payne, Alabama, television was the furthest thing from their minds as they were recovering from an F4 tornado that struck between 6:45 and 7:00 p.m.

May 1973 was an active month for tornadoes in Alabama and the 19th was certainly a red-letter day. Three tornadoes were confirmed to have occurred during the afternoon and evening hours on May 19, 1973: An F2 in Madison County near Hazel Green, an F2 in Jackson and Dekalb counties which affected South Scottsboro, Section, and Powell, and an F4 which affected Fort Payne and Lookout Mountain in Dekalb County.

The Madison County tornado was on the ground for two miles in Hazel Green and it caused 10 injuries, destroyed at least five buildings and damaged 30 others around 2:40 in the afternoon.

The second tornado, also an F2, touched down at 4:15 p.m. near Scottsboro and Section.  This tornado was on the ground 23 ½ miles through Jackson and Dekalb counties. Nine people were injured in this storm.  At least 12 trailers and 15 buildings were destroyed.  80 other buildings were damaged. This was the longest track tornado of the day, but not the most intense.


The third and most intense tornado of the day, an F4, touched down at 6:45 p.m. in Fort Payne.  On the ground for 5.4 miles, this tornado caused 19 injuries. At least 37 buildings were destroyed just north of downtown Fort Payne and 117 buildings were damaged. 150 people were attending the “Little Miss Maid of Cotton” contest at a school gymnasium.  Attendees took cover against the walls of the gym just before the tornado struck. Despite damage to the gymnasium, there were no injuries at the school.

5/20/73 Florence Times-Daily

Mike Benefield commented in Stormtrack.org that a two-story, 16 unit apartment complex was moved about 150 feet into the middle of Main Street. He also said that debris from Fort Payne businesses was found in Rome, Georgia. 

The best news of the day was the fact that no one was killed as a result of these tornadoes. 

Sources:

NWS Birmingham Alabama Tornado Database: https://www.weather.gov/bmx/tornadodb_1973

Florence Times-Daily

Alabamawx.com

Friday, May 05, 2017

Killer Tornadoes of May 5, 1933

Two devastating tornadoes were responsible for 25 deaths and 227 injuries in Central Alabama in the predawn hours of May 5, 1933. 

The first was an F3 tornado which touched down at 12:20 a.m. and moved through Choctaw, Sumter, and Marengo counties, killing four and injuring 27 people along its 35 mile long path. Three of the fatalities occurred at Demopolis in Marengo County where 50 homes were destroyed. 

Unidentified Survivors of Helena Tornado, Photo: Army Air Corps

The second tornado touched down around 2:30 a.m. and moved through Bibb and Shelby counties along a 35 mile long path.  This tornado had damage consistent with an F4 rating and was responsible for 21 deaths and 200 injuries.  Hardest hit was the Shelby County town of Helena. There 14 were killed and 150 were injured.  Five were killed in Brent in Bibb County and one was killed in the Colemont community. 

May 1933, Helena, Alabama Tornado Damage Path, Army Air Corps
The photos above were taken by a pilot with the U.S. Army Air Corps and can be seen in the Helena Museum.  Most of the town of Helena was directly impacted by the tornado and the Helena Depot was one of the few buildings that survived.

The Shelby County Reporter had this to say about the disaster in Helena in its September 9, 1972 edition:

"Roaring out of the southwest at a little past three o'clock in the morning this deadly tornado killed 20 people and caused a vast amount of property damage and human misery. The tornado's having come at night made the visitation more terrifying. Most of the people were asleep in their beds or had been awakened just as their homes were being swept away. Many found themselves buried under the ruins of their homes and had to wait for relief to come. Torrents of rain poured down following the storm. Ambulances from Birmingham responded as promptly as possible, but fallen trees and debris hampered the work of relief."

Laura Brookhart wrote a very good artcle on the tornado in the September 10, 2012 edition of the Shelby County Reporter.  Here is an excerpt:

I was crouching in a second story middle room with my brother and sister. My brother told me not to look up, but I did,” Paty said. That was her last memory until she awoke in a field, holding her brother’s hand. She estimates they were some 25 feet from where their home once stood. “We were all in our pajamas. My sister escaped without a scratch. We went for help.” Though she did not realize it, Paty had a gash in her cheek that ‘four fingers could be inserted into’ and her hair had been torn out. “Our home was leveled. The only things we were able to salvage were one chair with no legs, a table and a radio.”
If you have photos, memories, or other information to share about this disaster, please email those to me at mikewx2@yahoo.com.  I can also be contacted via Twitter @Bamawx or on my Facebook Bamawx page.
Sources:
NWS Birmingham Alabama Tornado Database
Shelby County Reporter
AP Article
Helena Museum



Wednesday, May 03, 2017

May 3, 1984 Tornado Outbreak in Alabama

On this date in 1984, 17 tornadoes occurred in Alabama. The most significant tornado occurred in Montgomery, where five people were killed and 37 injured in an F3 tornado which touched down just before rush hour on the Northern Bypass at 7:00 a.m.  Four of the fatalities were in automobiles and one in a mobile home.  According to the Alabama Tornado database from the NWS Birmingham:

"Damage was extensive along the entire path of the tornado. At least 20 homes were destroyed, 36 homes sustained major damage, 157 homes had minor damage, 9 mobile homes were destroyed, 8 businesses were destroyed, and numerous vehicles were destroyed."

The map below from
TornadoHistoryProject.com shows the path of the Montgomery tornado.  

TornadoHistoryProject.com
This was the first big weather event for longtime WSFA Chief Meteorologist Rich Thomas. He later described the event for PrimeMontgomery.com:

"More tornadoes struck that afternoon, with a funnel cloud even passing over the station. The power went out but the broadcast continued with an emergency generator, one camera and a light.  'We went wall to wall (continuous coverage),' he said. 'I was 28 years old, and it was a trial by fire!'  The station general manager was so impressed with his coverage that day he gave him $100."
 
According to the Monthly Weather Review from May 1984:
 

Four of the deaths and several of the 37 injuries occurred when the tornado damaged or destroyed about 25 vehicles that were travelling on a (northern) bypass. Some of the victims were thrown from their cars which were carried or rolled 92 m (1oo yards) from the road.  The fifth fatality was the occupant of a mobile home.” 

According to a UPI article:


"Alabama Gov. George Wallace declared a state of emergency and asked President Reagan to declare the state a disaster area. A trucker whose 18-wheeler was blown away in the funnel cloud that set down on the four-lane Northern Bypass highway in Montgomery said the twister tore out the seat of his pants. 'I don't know whether I was blown away from the truck or whether the truck was blown away from me. It was a mess,' said Amos Garmon. 'The seat of my britches was out. It just about tore my clothes off." Police officers used long sticks probed the swampy area next to the road, trying to determine if bodies were thrown into the morass, but by late Thursday night none had been found. Spokesmen said 17 people were taken to Baptist Medical Center in Montgomery and 13 to Jackson Hospital. 'The injuries range from lacerations and bumps and bruises to very serious injuries,' said Baptist spokesman Gene Hannah. 'We've got three patients in surgery. We've got one patient who had a coronary.' Ronald Jackson, 21, said he was driving down Northern Bypass when 'the wind picked up and things started blowing around. Juts before we pulled over I saw it coming from the southwest. I was scared as hell. Jackson, who suffered contusions and lacerations, said his car was 'turned over in the ditch and picked up and dropped again.' 'I was screaming 'Make it stop'' he said. He said he saw cars 'in trees and in ditches' after the tornado passed." 


No fatalities were reported in any of the other 16 tornadoes which occurred across Alabama that day. 
TornadoHistoryProject.com
 
Following is a list of the other tornadoes which were confirmed in the morning and early afternoon of May 3, 1984 according to the Birmingham National Weather Service:

12:30 a.m. SW Limestone F1 A tornado struck near Clements High School and moved NE.  One barn was destroyed, a home unroofed, and at least 100 trees were downed.


7:10 a.m. Macon F1 S Milstead
Two homes were damaged and trees were knocked down.


8:10 a.m. Henry F1 Lake Eufaula
Several mobile homes were damaged and many trees were blown down.
10:48 a.m. Sumter F0 6 S York
Tornado briefly touched down and uprooted some trees.
11:30 a.m. Shelby F1 Vincent
Most of the damage was confined to downed trees.
11:35 a.m. Shelby-Talladega F2 W Childersburg-Winterboro
Several structures were damaged or destroyed along the path. Numerous trees were blown down.
           


From NOAA "Storm Data" Publication May 1984
 
11:40 a.m. Dallas F2 Selma
A 300 foot TV tower was leveled and it caused extensive damage to the building below. One manufacturing plant was heavily damaged.



From NOAA "Storm Data" Publication May 1984
 
11:49 a.m. Dale F0 SE Daleville
A small tornado briefly touched down in an open field with little or no damage.


11:56 a.m. Dale F2 Midland City
A high school campus was heavily damaged and a few buildings were actually destroyed. Several other buildings and homes suffered damage along the path

From NOAA "Storm Data" Publication May 1984
12:15 p.m. Clay-Randolph F2 0/2 Union-Folsom
Several mobile homes or outbuildings were damaged or destroyed along the path.


From NOAA "Storm Data" Publication May 1984
12:18 p.m. Cleburne F2 Taylor-Beason Mill-Arbacoochee
6 homes were damaged, 2 mobile homes were destroyed, and numerous trees were blown down

12:22 p.m. Cleburne F1 Heflin-SW Edwardsville
Some homes sustained roof damage, one mobile home was destroyed, and many trees were blown down.
12:35 Randolph F1 Morrisons Crossroads-Newell-Pine Hill
One barn was destroyed and one home damaged at Morrisons Crossroads. Outbuildings were damaged at Newell. Several trees downed in the Pine Hill Community.
12:40 p.m. Cleburne F2 S Hightower-SE Ranburne
3 barns and 2 chicken houses were destroyed. 10 other homes sustained roof damage and numerous trees were downed.


 1:00 p.m. Macon F2 Pleasant Hill-Little Texas
A 30K gallon tank was pulled off its foundation and moved 10 ft. 3 buildings were destroyed, 4 homes were damaged, and numerous trees were downed.


1:30 p.m. Lee F2 0/1 Smiths
A grocery store, a restaurant, a hardware store, a several mobile homes were destroyed. One person was injured in a mobile home. Hundreds of trees were downed.


Numerous other severe reports can be found in NOAA NESDIS Storm Data Publication for May 1984.

Tuesday, May 02, 2017

Alabama Hail Storm May 2, 2003

On this date in 2003 some of the largest hail ever recorded in Alabama fell, with numerous reports of hail as large as baseballs and softballs. Below is a list from the NOAA Storm Data publication for 2003. Significant damage to roofs and automobiles was reported. Boundary interactions led to storm initiation in a high CAPE (very unstable) environment.  Despite many rotation signatures on radar, no tornadoes were confirmed in this event. CAPE values were as high as 3500-4000 j/k.   

SPC Storm Reports 5/2/2003


Etowah: 1:53-2:44 p.m. Baseball 2.75"
"Penny to baseball size hail fell along the eastern Etowah County line. The hail fell from near Keener to near Ball Play. A few trees were also blown down near Ball Play. The hail may have been larger in rural areas because of larger reports in adjacent counties."

Cherokee County: 2:29-3:22 p.m. Softball 4.5"
"Hail up to the size of softballs fell across western and southern Cherokee County. Many locations reported the hail was covering the ground. Most of the hail fell across rural areas."

Calhoun County: 2:54-3:25 p.m. Golf ball to Softball 4.5"
"Very large hail fell across extreme northern Calhoun County. A majority of the hail was golf ball size and covered the ground in a few locations. A few reports were received that a couple of the pieces of hail were softball size. Most of the hail was thrown out of a storm located farther north in Cherokee County and little rain was observed with this storm."

Marengo 3:35-3:54 p.m. Tennis ball 2"
"Hail up to 2 inches in diameter was reported in extreme northeast Marengo County near Faunsdale."

Hale County 3:45-4:26 p.m. Baseball 2.75"
"A large swath of hail moved through the heart of Hale County. Hail up to the size of baseballs was reported along the path. Several automobiles received windshield damage from the large hail. Several trees and power lines were also blown down during this storm near Greensboro. This was the third large hail producing storm to affect Hale County during the afternoon hours."

Jefferson County 4:47-6:04 p.m. Baseball 2.75"
"A supercell thunderstorm moved across western Jefferson County and produced a large swath of hail. The largest hail reported was baseball size but the hail may have been larger in surrounding rural areas. Large hail was reported in Sayre, West Jefferson, Hoover, Hueytown, Bessemer, Birmingham and Palmerdale. A few locations observed hail covering the ground. Numerous reports of funnel clouds were also received."

Shelby County 5:40-7:00 p.m. Softball 4.5"
"Several severe thunderstorms moved through Shelby County and generally affected the western part of the county. All of the storms produced dime to golf ball size hail. The largest hail size reported was softball and occurred near Maylene. Some locations that reported hail were Alabaster, Hoover, Helena, Maylene, Indian Springs, Calera and Montevallo. Several locations observed hail covering the ground. A few trees were also blown down."
 
The Shelby County Reporter wrote about the hailstorm the following day and said, in part:
 
"National Weather Service Meteorologist Brian Peters said reports of hail measuring four inches in diameter, among the largest ever reported in Shelby County, came from Maylene. Additional reports of hail ranging in size from one to three inches in diameter was reported from Helena, Pelham and Alabaster. We had a lot of reports of golf-ball-size hail and judging from the reports of car damage there’s no reason not to believe that, Peters said. We also had a number of baseball-size hail reports. Hail is formed when a cold atmosphere prevents larger droplets of rain from falling out of thunderstorm clouds allowing them to freeze, Peters said."

Shelby County was under the following tornado warning at the time this storm occurred:

BULLETIN - EAS ACTIVATION REQUESTED
TORNADO WARNING
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE BIRMINGHAM AL
624 PM CDT FRI MAY 2 2003

THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE IN BIRMINGHAM HAS ISSUED A

* TORNADO WARNING FOR...
SHELBY COUNTY IN ALABAMA

* UNTIL 730 PM CDT

* AT 624 PM CDT...NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE DOPPLER RADAR INDICATED A TORNADO 13 MILES NORTHWEST OF HELENA...MOVING SOUTHEAST AT 25 MPH.

* LOCATIONS NEAR THE PATH OF THIS TORNADO INCLUDE...ALABASTER... CALERA...CHELSEA...COLUMBIANA... HELENA...INVERNESS...LAKE PURDY...MONTEVALLO...OAK MOUNTAIN STATE PARK...PELHAM AND
WILSONVILLE. ANOTHER SEVERE THUNDERSTORM WAS NEAR PELHAM AND
INVERNESS MOVING EAST AROUND 30 MPH. VERY LARGE HAIL CAN BE
EXPECTED WITH EITHER OF THESE STORMS.

THIS IS A DANGEROUS STORM. IF YOU ARE IN ITS PATH...SEEK SHELTER NOW. STAY AWAY FROM WINDOWS.
 

NWS Huntsville / Bamaweather.com

Other areas receiving baseball sized hail in Alabama:

Lawrence County - Mount Hope
Colbert County - Colbert Heights
Franklin County - Russellville
Lauderdale - Petersville, Central Heights, Cloverdale

2.5" Hail (tennis ball) fell in:

Cullman County: Baileyton
Washington County: Chatom

Images from the NWS Huntsville:

NWS Huntsville

NWS Huntsville

Numerous other areas of the state received hail that met severe criteria (which was 3/4" at that time).  Those areas are too numerous to mention here.  There were also several severe wind reports. 

Sources:

NOAA Storm Data May 2003
NOAA Storm Events Database
Shelby County Reporter
Storm Prediction Center
NWS Birmingham
NWS Huntsville - Slide presentation by Matt Zika


Monday, May 01, 2017

May Day Tornadoes in Alabama, May 1, 1953


Chicago Tribune, 5/2/1953

At least four tornadoes occurred in Alabama on this date in 1953, including two that are thought to have been of F4 intensity.  Nine people were killed and 17 were injured in Alabama that day.

Tornado #1: Chilton County F2 5:15 p.m. This tornado was on the ground for 1 ½ miles in the Minooka community about 4 miles south of Calera.  There were no fatalities, two injuries, three homes destroyed and five other homes damaged. 

Tornado #2 Clay County F4 7:30 p.m. This tornado was on the ground for 12.1 miles in the Millerville-Lineville area.  The damage path was as wide as 440 yards. There were seven fatalities, 12 injuries, 19 homes destroyed and 50 other homes damaged.  36 other buildings were destroyed and 57 other buildings were damaged. Numerous chickens were killed and stripped of their feathers.

TornadoHistoryProject.com



Comment by jeff652 on TornadoHistoryProject Page:

“Although it occurred three years before my birth, I often heard my parents speak of this storm. Late in the evening at dark while frying fish with another couple, my mother (who was pregnant with my older brother) heard an all too familiar roar much like she heard on March 21, 1932 as her home was destroyed in Paint Rock, Alabama. The others insisted that it was a train, but Mom insisted that it was a tornado. "Once you hear that sound, you never forget it." They stepped outside to look around and the funnel was less that two blocks away. Dad described it as a slender wedge with much debris aloft, the base of the funnel gyrating in a looping fashion. They jumped into the car to outrun it, but noticed it was moving away from them. Their perspective would have been on State Highway 49 just south of Lineville but north of the tornado's path. Dad was the local dentist and spent that night at the hospital in nearby Ashland helping treat victims of the storm. I am very thankful they didn't pursue outrunning the tornado, especially at dark! Strangely, this storm occurred at the same time as the Paint Rock Tornado”.

Tornado #3 Jefferson County F1 8:00 p.m. This tornado was on the ground for only one tenth of a mile in Trussville.  There were no fatalities, no injuries, and five homes destroyed according to the NWS. 

Tornado #4 Choctaw County F4 8:00 p.m. This tornado was on the ground for 10 miles in the Riderwood-Lisman area.  The damage path was as wide as 200 yards. There were two fatalities and three injuries. Debris was thrown over one-half mile.


1953 Was an active year for tornadoes.

National Weather Service Birmingham

National Weather Service Birmingham


Sources:

National Weather Service Birmingham: Alabama Tornado Database http://www.weather.gov/bmx/tornadodb_1953

Chicago Tribune, May 2, 1953

TornadoHistoryProject.com http://www.tornadohistoryproject.com/tornado/19530501.1.16




By: Mike Wilhelm


@Bamawx on Twitter


Bamawx on Facebook

Thursday, April 20, 2017

April 20, 1920 Tornado Outbreak

Three tornadoes, all considered to be consistent with F4 intensity, struck northwestern and north-central portions of Alabama on Tuesday morning and early afternoon April 20, 1920, killing 92 and injuring approximately 450 people.  These were long track tornadoes that may have reached F5 intensity at some point, but we will never know that with certainty. These numbers are inexact due to conflicting reports and limited information. 


Because of limitations in resources and technology in 1920, the exact number, path length and width, and intensities of the tornadoes is uncertain.  It is quite possible that there were more tornadoes that day which may have been of lesser intensity over rural areas.  It is also possible that the paths shown in the map above may have been broken in more places than shown.  It does appear though that two tornadic supercells moved parallel to one another from southwest to northeast during the morning of April 20, 1920 in northwestern Alabama.  These tornadoes were part of a larger outbreak that affected the states of Arkansas, Tennessee, Missouri, Mississippi, and South Carolina between April 19th and 21st. One of the tornadoes in Alabama was a continuation of a tornado path from Mississippi.

April 22, 1920 Montgomery Advertiser


Tornado Number One (Marion, Franklin, Colbert and Lawrence Counties):

The first tornado left Mississippi and entered Marion County, Alabama around 9:30 a.m.  In Marion County, 20 people were killed and at least 200 were injured.  Nine were killed south of the Bexar community.  The tornado then entered Franklin County where the hardest hit community was Waco, which was "no more" at the time according to the Florence Times.  According to the April 29, 1920 Tuscaloosa News, Alabama Governor Thomas Kilby's office listed 19 as dead and 92 injured in Franklin County.  All nineteen deaths in Franklin were reported near the Waco Quarry, with nine of them being in a single family. Leaving Franklin, the twister continued into southeast Colbert County in the Mehama community south of Leighton. Mehama was reportedly "wiped out" and four people were killed there.  As the tornado moved into Lawrence County the intensity decreased, but one person died southeast of Town Creek.  It is unclear whether the tornado may have continued at a lower intensity as it crossed the Tennessee River into Limestone County. 

The April 21st edition of the Montgomery Advertiser reported,

"The dead and injured were brought into Hamilton and the courthouse has been converted into a temporary hospital.  Men and women of Hamilton...have worked heroically all day and far into the night to give such relief as they could.....Most of the dead brought here were terribly mangled.  Arms and legs in many cases had been blown completely off....dead cattle, horses, and mules are found everywhere."

Tornado Number Two (Fayette, Walker, Winston, Cullman, and Morgan Counties):



The second tornado developed in extreme northeast Fayette County and strengthened rapidly as it moved into Walker County.  Hardest hit communities in Walker County included Saragossa, Pocahontas, and Fall City.  The Union Hill Church 12 miles north of Jasper was destroyed.  The tornado then entered Winston County, affecting the communities of Arley and Helicon, where at least 19 people were killed. Helicon was said to be "completely demolished".  The tornado then moved through northwestern Cullman County into southern Morgan County near the Wilhite community around Noon.  In all, at least 21 were killed in this tornado.  This tornado seems to have ended over Morgan County as the storm moved toward Madison County.

Amazingly, five children in Walker County who were unattended found shelter in a storm cellar just before the tornado struck.  "Not a stick remained" from the home they left as the tornado approached, according to the Montgomery Advertiser:

Montgomery Advertiser April 22, 1920

According to the April 1920 edition of the Monthly Weather Review, "near Wilhite in southern Morgan County the cloud was black with a yellowish tinge.  Many farm animals were moved from one farm to another, feathers were blown off chickens, and a pump was pulled out of a well and broken into two parts."

 
Tornado Number Three (Madison County):



The same storm that produced tornado number two produced a tornado that touched down in the vicinity of the Tennessee River as the storm entered Madison County.  The death toll in Madison County was at least 27 and over 100 were injured.  Hardest hit communities included Green Cove, Lily Flag, Southeast Huntsville, and the Brownsboro-Gurley area. 

According to Huntsville Postmaster R.L. Okal, "I met a Mr. L.W. Baily... who said the great, black, whirling cloud...was small at the bottom and great at the top; that as it approached nearer all other clouds in the sky appeared to dash toward it and were swallowed up." 

In researching this post I came across a blog post with photographs from 1920 from a descendant of tornado survivors from Marion County.  You can view that blog post here. 

Sources:
Montgomery Advertiser
Birmingham Age-Herald
Tuscaloosa News
Florence Times
NOAA Monthly Weather Review
NWS Birmingham Tornado Database
Wikipedia

Mike Wilhelm
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Tuesday, March 14, 2017

Georgia Dome Tornado - 3/14/2008

As my sons David, Joe, Matt and I were watching the Alabama versus Mississippi State basketball game during the SEC Tournament a tornado struck the Georgia Dome during overtime.

The first thing I noticed was the satellite transmission was getting snowy. Then it became apparent that something might be going wrong as the picture got worse. My first thought was that there might be an earthquake. Then the announcer said that he was hearing a roar. The beams started shaking and debris started flying. Then he said that they were under a warning.

I remembered a thunderstorm that developed over Northwest Alabama, to the northeast of Decatur around 3:00 p.m. The storm development was impressive despite the limited upper air support. I think that same isolated storm is what eventually became an apparent tornado that struck the Georgia dome.

This is what we saw:


Coverage by Tider Insider TV. When the EF2 tornado hit, a SEC tournament game between Mississippi State and Alabama which had just been sent into overtime minutes earlier by a shot from Mykal Riley, was in progress at the Georgia Dome. The storm ripped panels from the exterior of the building and tore at least two holes in the roof of the Dome, causing insulation to fall and the scoreboard and catwalks suspended from the roof to sway. Mykal Riley's shot was considered to have saved lives by keeping people safe inside the Georgia Dome. After a 64-minute delay, the game was completed. 

My original video was the most favorited video of March 15, 2008 in the news category.



Here is a link to an amazing photograph of this tornado, which has been officially rated as an EF2 by the Peachtree City NWS office.